7 Stock Market Terms You Must Know To Succeed

Young and inexperienced people interested in starting their investment path in stock trading may find the stock market an intimidating platform to learn. Every stock market investor has to have a working knowledge of a core set of concepts and words to participate effectively in the market. However, many people lack the requisite understanding, and as a result, they may become confused by the abundance of technical and financial words typically seen when trading.

So, if you are a beginner investor who wants to make money trading stocks, you need to familiarise yourself with the following seven terms:


Having equity indicates how many shares of stock an investor has in a business. When investors purchase stock in a firm, they effectively buy a fractional piece of the business. The stock market is where people buy and sell company shares and other types of equity.


The minimum amount of money sellers are ready to take for a share of stock is known as the asking price or offer price. So, keep an eye on the “ask” price if you’re thinking about buying stocks.


In contrast, bids represent the maximum price an interested buyer is willing to pay for a given share of stock. Multiple bidders for the same stock could lead to a competitive situation. Auctions end when one bidder makes an offer that no other buyers are willing or able to match.


Whether or not it has a physical presence in a given market, an exchange serves as a venue for trading various assets. Shares of stock can be traded on several different global stock exchanges. India’s two most well-known stock exchanges are the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

Financial writing commonly uses the phrases “bear market” and “bull market” to describe fluctuations in the stock market. These phrases are used to describe trends in stock prices that are either bullish (an increase) or bearish (a decrease), respectively. Bull markets are characterized by rising stock prices, which leads to an upward trend in the market as a whole, whereas bear markets are characterized by falling stock prices, which leads to a downward trend in the market.

Trading Account

To participate in the buying and selling assets on the stock market, you must first open a trading account, which is a type of investment account. Investors interested in trading can do so electronically by opening a trading account with a stock market broker. Whenever you purchase or sell stocks online, you’ll need your trade ID, a number exclusive to your account.

Demat Account

An investor’s Demat account (short for a dematerialized account) functions similarly to a bank account. A Demat account is similar to a bank account in that it stores the investor’s shares and other securities in digital form rather than physical cash. All of an individual’s interests in one place make trading much simpler. This includes stocks, bonds, mutual funds, government securities, insurance policies, etc. It’s faster and easier than physically transferring certificates and more secure than paper certificates.


If you have the fundamentals down, investing in the stock market can yield great returns. In the modern era, all one needs to do to get started trading stocks is to do some preliminary online research, gather some pertinent information, and open a trading account with a reputable brokerage service.

Knowing the meanings of these seven stock market phrases will make you a better, more knowledgeable trader with a firm grasp of the market’s underpinnings. These seven key terms will serve as a crucial stepping stone and be an integral part of your day-to-day trading operations, even if it may take some time to learn and become familiar with all the terms used in the stock market.

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