The saree is an iconic Indian garment that women wear all around the country. Over time, the classic nine yards of elegance have morphed into a globally adaptable staple.
Different styles of sarees, like our many languages and cuisines, beautifully express the many facets of Indian culture. Sarees in India display various variations, from draping techniques to fabric composition.
And so, here we are, taking you on a tour of India’s many varieties of sarees.
|Type of Saree||State||Specialty|
|Banarasi Saree||Varanasi||Gold and silver brocade or zari|
|Kanchipuram saree||Tamil Nadu||Its texture, glimmer(shimmer), and durability|
|Chanderi saree||Madhya Pradesh||Sheer texture, transparency, gold and silver brocade|
|Bandhani Saree||Gujarat||The interplay of different colors, patterns, and dots|
|Moga Silk saree||Assam||Delicate gold colorwork and style of thread|
|Bomkai Saree||Odisha||Thread work designs in the border|
|Lehraiya||Rajasthan||Bright color cloth with a distinctive pattern(traditional tye-dye)|
|Nauvari/Paithani Saree||Maharashtra||Contrasting golden zari borders|
|Tant Saree||West Bengal||Lightness and transparency|
|Kalamkari saree||Andhra Pradesh||Block prints|
|Patola saree||Gujarat||Its complexity|
|Phulkari Saree||Punjab||Colorful flower work|
|Kasavu Saree||Kerala||Natural hues, texture, and gold border|
|Chikankaree Saree||Lucknow||Delicate hand embroidery|
1. Banarasi Saree from Varanasi
One of India’s most well-known and beautiful sarees is the Banarasi. Famous for their opulent brocade zari work in gold and silver, these sarees are fit for a queen. The elaborate motifs, compact weaving, goldwork, etc., set these apart as royal and one-of-a-kind. On important or exceptional occasions, women will wear these sarees and accessorize with precious jewels.
As a bonus, they are woven with precious metal alloy zari threads and silk. The high cost is due to this fact. The fact that they are painstakingly woven takes away even more time and effort from the already exceptional quality of these items.
2. Kanchipuram from Tamil Nadu
The Kanchipuram saree, also known as the Kanjivaram, is just one of many varieties of Indian dress. The Kanchipuram saree, the South Indian equivalent of the Banarasi saree, is widely regarded as one of the most beautiful styles. High-quality silk is used in its construction, and it features beautiful patterns. Plus, they have that extra touch of gold that makes them appropriate for any event.
The pallu and borders of a Kanjeevaram saree are woven separately and then stitched together, which is one of the most remarkable aspects of this type of Saree. The pallu of a saree is its most distinguishing feature because it stands in stark contrast to the rest of the garment. They are also sarees worn by the bride at her wedding.
3. Chanderi Saree from Madhya Pradesh
Another well-liked sartorial option for Indian women is the Chanderi saree. In its construction, you’ll find chanderi silk, pure silk, and silk cotton. The chanderi saree shines thanks to its understated elegance and the attention to detail in its exquisite borders and pallus. They’re easy on the body, flattering to the wearer, and appropriate for any event.
In addition, Chanderi is a popular choice throughout the warmer months. These sarees are light and airy, perfect for warm weather. Simple yet beautiful, Chanderi sarees have a unique place in our hearts.
4. The Gujarati Bandhani Saree
It’s common for women in India to wear sarees made of bandhani fabric. So said, a term for a type of circular design created on fabric through the application of the age-old tie-dying method. What makes bandhani so special is the method by which they are made. First, the fabric is firmly knotted and then submerged in a dye bath. Because of this, you shouldn’t use a hot iron on the saree because it can melt. In addition, it is frequently constructed from vivid hues that are charming and eye-catching so that it appears extraordinary.
Depending on the saree, a bandhani saree can be dressed up or down for various occasions. As a result, Bandhani sarees have skyrocketed in popularity and are now among the most in-demand fabrics in India.
5. Authentic Assam Muga Silk Saree
Muga silk, unique to Assam, is produced there, unlike the white silk seen elsewhere. Therefore, it may be used longer and is considerably more sturdy than the standard one.
A saree made of Muga silk has a distinctive golden sheen and luxurious sheen. The saree’s red, green, or black weaving contrasts the saree’s golden background. The saree and its border are woven with an assortment of designs. The motifs on these sarees are typically traditional images of people, plants, animals, and decorative elements.
Compared to traditional sarees, Muga sarees are not only more stylish but also more practical. They also can absorb a lot of moisture while remaining lightweight and compact.
6. Traditional Odishan Bomkai Silk Saree
The Odishan town of Bomkai is the inspiration for the Bomkai saree. The sarees here are the product of ikat and embroidery being worked together. The pallus feature elaborate thread work and have borders with contrasting colors. What sets Bomkai sarees apart is the inclusion of ancient mythical tales in their intricate embroidery.
You may see a tinge of tribal influence in these sarees. Although they appear basic at first glance, the designs are rather stunning. These sarees typically include black, red, and white as the primary hues.
7. Leheriya Saree from Rajasthan
The Leheriya Saree is a regional favorite in Rajasthan. Lehraiya, or “wave,” is in the name for a reason. Lehraiya, a diagonal design running along the saree’s borders, was chosen for this reason. It’s another traditional tie-dye method used in the Indian state of Rajasthan. In addition, the fabric is typically brightly colored to create a more appealing and attention-grabbing final product.
These sarees are typically made of cotton and silk. Turbans can be given a one-of-a-kind and vibrant appearance by being crafted using Lehraiya cloth. Traditional lehraiya sarees, on the other hand, are colored with natural hues and require multiple washing items to achieve the desired effect. This is what gives it its own identity and helps it stand out.
8. A Maharashtrian Paithani saree
The Paithani saree is a traditional garment in Maharashtrian society. During celebrations, festivals, and weddings, women choose Paithani sarees. As the kanjivaram saree is to the south, so is the paithani saree to the north. Therefore, all Maharashtrian women should own this saree; it goes without saying.
The traditional cotton foundation of paithani sarees has given way to the more luxurious silk of modern times. Nowadays, the cloth used to make paithani sarees is completely cotton-free. Weavers have also altered their aesthetic by switching from narrow to wide borders. They are enhancing its already stunning beauty. Even though intricate patterns and designs haven’t changed, The paithani sarees are fantastic because the threads are sealed, preventing the wearer’s accessories from becoming tangled. Most women will breathe a sigh of relief when hearing that.
9. Traditional West Bengali Tant Saree
A famous type of traditional Bengali saree is the Tant saree. The cotton threads used to make these sarees mean they are surprisingly lightweight and easy to wear. Moreover, Tant sarees are distinguished by their exquisite designs, which give the appearance of floating on the surface of the ultra-fine fabric, lending the garment an air of mystery.
These sarees may lack glitz and glamour, but they are elegant and understated, thanks to their beautiful, detailed designs. And tant sarees are six meters long, not five and a half. Even the edges are extra-thickly woven to ensure they last a long time without fraying.
10. The Andhra Pradesh Kalamkari Saree
The ancient art of Kalamkari has recently seen a resurgence in popularity. A sudden sartorial and interior decorating trend saw everyone donning classic designs. The term “Kalamkari” comes from the two terms “kalam,” which means “pen,” and “Kari,” which means “craftsmanship.” As a result, lovely motifs are drawn with a pen, and the patterns are colored in with bright hues.
You’ll find elaborate designs and patterns all over the saree, but they don’t feel excessive. Kalamkari sarees are known for their unique design. Therefore, kalamkari sarees can be a fantastic fit for the art-loving woman.
11. Gujarati Patola Saree
Patola may have been a household word at some point for everyone. Patola is so common that it has been the subject of music. So, tell me, what makes Patola sarees from Patan, Gujarat, so unique? Do we know?
The Patola saree is a type of Gujarati textile that features a double ikat pattern. Only the wealthy can afford to wear these sarees. The art of weaving patola sarees has been passed down through only three families today. The weaving process for these sarees is only passed down from fathers to sons. Since each thread must be dyed individually before being woven into a saree, the process can take anywhere from six months to a year to complete.
12. Native Punjabi Phulkari Silk Saree
The term “Phulkari” was coined when the words “Phul,” meaning “flower,” and “Kari,” meaning “craftsmanship,” Phulkari is a sacred art form practiced in Punjab. Making phulkari sarees was customary when a son was born into the household. But as its popularity grew, this craft was industrialized and woven on a loom.
The embroidery on a Phulkari saree is both elaborate and vibrant. Embroidery uses silk threads of bright colors to make the design stand out. Phulkari sarees, which have recently expanded their pattern options, are still widely worn and cherished in India.
13. Keralan Kasavu Saree
In Kerala, women typically wear the Kasavu saree. In a country where elaborate sarees are the norm, the basic and intrinsically designed Kasavu distinguishes itself. Just put on a simple white saree with its natural golden-colored borders, and you’ll immediately feel more connected to your heritage. A rich history and offbeat style are hiding beneath this unassuming exterior.
For specificity, I should mention that “Kasavu” refers to the zari used to decorate the saree’s borders, not the saree itself. Therefore, the kasavu dhoti results from the kasavu being incorporated into the dhoti. This saree is of the kasavu variety for this reason. They are saved for exceptional occasions like New Year’s, weddings, and other happy celebrations. However, the traditional kasavu saree has remained popular because of its simplicity and the fact that it may be updated with modern blouses and embellishments.
14. A Telangana Pochampally Saree
Pochampally sarees, originating in Telangana, are among the most widely worn in India. These sarees are a classic example of the Ikat dyeing technique, with their geometric patterns and bright colors. Bhoodan, in the Nalgonda district, is where these sarees are woven. It is one of the many “iconic saree weaving clusters in India” on Unesco’s tentative list of “World Heritage Sites.”
There are design elements in these sarees that set them apart from those made in other ikat-making regions. Pochampally sarees are the most well-known in the southern parts of India, but this is not necessarily the case for the country’s northern parts. Airline India, the government-sanctioned airline of India, also dresses its flight attendants in the distinctive Pollampally sarees.
15. Chikanakree Saree from Lucknow
Nawab city Lucknow is the birthplace of the Chikankree saree. Heavy embroidery in calming tones gives these sarees an air of sophistication. In Lucknow, Chikan embroidery is the norm and is widely regarded as the city’s most popular decorative technique.
Chikan Kari embroidery was originally done exclusively on white fabric using white threads. However, embroidery in the chikan style has been updated with modern techniques, allowing it to be done on a wider variety of fabrics and hues, making it more suitable for today’s fashion trends.
Chikan embroidery is typically done on sheer fabrics such as cotton, georgette, chiffon, silk, crepe, etc., to draw attention to the intricate design. All around India, women choose these sarees above all others. A lot of credit goes to its unparalleled grace and beauty.
Fabrics are typically used for Sarees.
The saree’s fabric is crucial to its overall appearance and feel. And now, a rundown of the sarees’ fabric types.
Famous saree textiles include silk. They’re glossy, and their color is very eye-catching. Regional sarees are almost always made of silk, which lends a luxurious sheen and exudes a refined air. Silk is used in the creation of Kanjeevaram sarees. The silk used to make Kanjeevaram sarees is so associated with the city that it bears the moniker “Kanjeevaram silk.”
- Chiffon: Sarees are also frequently made from chiffon. It’s simple, lightweight, and straightforward to use. They are mostly constructed of cotton, silk, nylon, rayon, and polyester and have a see-through look.
- Cotton: Cotton is the most well-known and commonly-used textile. Cotton is the material of choice for anyone concerned about comfort. Cotton sarees, for example, can be worn daily and for more formal occasions, making them one of the most adaptable materials.
- Georgette: Georgette is a type of sheer woven silk. It’s thin and wrinkly. You can get this cloth in both its pure and faux varieties. Authentic georgette is woven from strands of silk, while its synthetic counterpart is woven from rayon and polyester.
- Linen: Linen is a robust, high-absorbency fabric known for its ability to keep you cool and comfortable in the hottest and most humid climates. The flax plant is used to create this cloth. Despite its high demand, producing linen can be difficult.
- Crepe: Thin silk crepe has a distinctively wrinkled and crinkled texture called crepe. Faux crepe is produced using silk substitutes such as cotton, rayon, and chiffon.
We noticed a common thread as we examined the many styles of sarees. So many diverse customs and cultures are represented here, and one can get the best sarees at Suta & Karagiri. And that is a truly remarkable aspect of Indian sarees. There is a special history behind every style of saree. As a result, sarees will always play a significant role in our culture, representing cherished and significant traditions important to us as a nation.